Sunday, 27 December 2015

A Quick Introduction to Tort

Tort law covers areas where somebody’s ‘wrong’ causes loss to another person, without the two parties having to be in a contractual relationship. The name comes from the fact that tort is French for ‘wrong’ – this is the law of wrongs. The big case which expanded this area of the law is also a strange one.

Mrs Donoghue was in a cafĂ© with her friend, who bought her a ginger beer. She was ill after having drunk some of it because the bottle had a dead snail in it! However, she had not bought the bottle so she could not sue for breach of contract — she had no contract with the shop owner or the bottle manufacturer. Instead, she brought a case in negligence, a part of tort law, saying that the bottle manufacturer had a duty to make sure that the ginger beer was made in a clean place where snails could not get into the bottles.

This is where Lord Atkin set out the famous ‘neighbour principle’: I have a duty towards “persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought reasonably to have them in contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions that are called in question”. This sounds like you have to think about the possible impact of everything you do on anybody it could affect, but in reality there are many limits on negligence law – including that you have to breach that duty of care. Lots of things are relevant to breach but it is overall about how reasonable the action (or decision not to act) was. One element is quite interesting though, especially for those of you who are about to start learning to drive…

Courtesy of Oxford Royale

Thursday, 24 December 2015

Answer to last week's quiz

Here's the answer to last week's quiz:

The common name for a business structure that is a non-profit making organisation run for the benefit of others is a _________.

B. Charity

Have a wonderful Christmas everyone. We'll have more quizzes (and books!) next year.

Enjoy your festivities

Saturday, 19 December 2015

Law Quiz 19 December 2015

Hi all, Legal English quiz time from Legal English Books :)

Please post your answers below:

The common name for a business structure that is a non-profit making organisation run for the benefit of others is a _________.

A. Partnership
B. Charity
C. Consortium
D. Venture

All ideas and comments welcome. Please do visit our brand new website for all our books :)

Thanks !

Wednesday, 16 December 2015

New Self-study Dictionary!

THE ULTIMATE LAW DICTIONARY AND EXERCISE BOOK IS NOW AVAILABLE smile emoticon We have consolidated all our titles into one large law dictionary! It's the perfect Christmas present wink emoticon Plus it's on our shiny new website ! If you have a moment please do take a look.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to everyone !

Sunday, 2 August 2015

Dating a Contract

Calling all international lawyers and law students :) - What is the missing word?

A commercial contract will usually start with the date. Common wording for this could be “This agreement is made __ 28th July 2014.”

a) on
b) at
c) in
d) for

All answers, shares and comments welcome.  Visit us at for all your legal English dictionaries and workbooks.

Saturday, 25 July 2015

An odd case :)

Happy Saturday all !  How about this for an odd legal case:

Pearson v. Chung

"Better known as the “pants lawsuit”, was a civil case filed in 2005 by Roy L. Pearson, Jr., an administrative law judge in the District of Columbia in the United States.
It came as a result of a dispute with a dry cleaning company over a lost pair of trousers.
Pearson sued for £40million for inconvenience, mental anguish and fees for representing himself, as a result of their failure, in Pearson’s opinion, to live up to a “satisfaction guaranteed” sign that was displayed in the store.
Pearson lost the case but only after after four years of trying every legal avenue to win."

Does "satisfaction guaranteed" = £40 million?  :)

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Saturday, 4 July 2015

What is the missing word?

The verb to e______ means to sign and date the contract to confirm all the parties agree to the terms and give the agreement a date.

Any ideas folks?  Maybe visit our legal English book store and learn some legal English and test yourself with the exercises at the back of the book :)

English students and English teachers can use our dictionaries and exercise books so have a look today ! :)

Have a lovely weekend !

Monday, 22 June 2015

The "Mcdonalds Coffee" case

This is an interesting case:

What do you think?

In probably the most famous example of a seemingly trivial legal action is Liebeck v. McDonald’s Restaurants,also known as the McDonald’s coffee case and the hot coffee lawsuit
In 1992 Stella Liebeck, a 79-year-old woman from Albuquerque, New Mexico, bought a cup of coffee from a drive through McDonalds and as she removed the lid spilled the entire cup of coffee on her lap.
She was wearing cotton sweatpants; they absorbed the coffee and held it against her skin, scalding her thighs, buttocks, and groin.
Hospitalized for eight days while she underwent skin grafting, followed by two years of medical treatment she sued the fast food giant claiming it was too hot and more likely to cause serious injury than coffee served at any other establishment.
She won an astonishing £1.7million.

Was the jury correct to award damages?
Did the claimant deserve such an award?

Please tell us what you think :)

Saturday, 4 April 2015

Legally responsible: Liable

The answer to the last quiz is c) liable.  And here's why :)

Liable (adjective): This means that a party is legally responsible for their actions or omissions under civil law. Omissions means that a party did not do something that they should have done. If a party is liable then the court will usually order the liable party to remedy the damage or problem. This can be with money, known as damages, or action, known as an injunction. Associated Words: Damages (noun), Injunction (noun), Party (noun).

Have a wonderful weekend all !

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Sunday, 22 March 2015

Legally Responsible ?

In civil law, to be ________ means to be legally responsible for your acts or omissions.

a) guilty
b) punished
c) liable
d) sued

All answers, comments and shares are welcome. Don't forget to have a look at our legal English dictionaries at or our paperbacks at

Have a wonderful Sunday :)

Saturday, 21 March 2015

Answer to legal quiz

The answer to last weeks quiz is c) to come into force.

Learn more at or buy our paperbacks on Amazon at

Have a wonderful weekend everyone !

Saturday, 14 March 2015

Legal English Quiz

Hi all quiz time :)  What is the missing legal English collocation in this sentence?  Choose from the options below:

To _______ ________ _______ is a common phrase that means that a law is now in existence.

a) enter into effect
b) become a law
c) come into force
d) be good law

All comments and discussion welcome. You can find all our books on Amazon here:

Have a wonderful day :)

Saturday, 14 February 2015

Vexatious Litigation

Answer to last week's quiz is vexatious. Here's our explanation of the term, taken from our book "Civil Litigation and Dispute Resolution: Vocabulary Series":

Vexatious Litigation (noun): This means that a claimant issues a number of claims that are totally without merit. Without merit means that there are no grounds or good reasons to make the claim. Vexatious litigants are usually placed on a special list and must ask the court for permission to issue a claim with the court. The courts are generally reluctant to place a litigant on the list as it restricts their access to the courts. It is, therefore, not common for litigants to be placed on the list without good reason. Associated Words: Claim (noun), Claimant (noun), Grounds (noun), To Issue a Claim (collocation).

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Have a wonderful weekend.

Saturday, 7 February 2015

Serial Podcast

We really recommend downloading the Serial Podcast that is currently available from

Very useful for testing your understanding of criminal legal English. Plus, there's been an interesting development.....

Quiz on litigants

Happy Saturday !  Quiz time: Fill in the missing word

A person who issues lots of claims for little or no reason is called a ________ litigant.

a) unreasonable
b) troublesome
c) vexatious
d) vindictive

All answers welcome. Have a wonderful weekend. Please visit our website for all our legal English books http//

Friday, 6 February 2015

Party Time !

Party Time !  Here is the answer to last week's quiz :)

Party (noun): A party to proceedings is a person or organisation who has an interest in those proceedings. Usually this means that there will be a claimant (the person who starts the claim) or a defendant (the person who defends the claim) and maybe a third party (a person with an interest in the claim). If a person or organisation is named in the proceedings as a claimant, defendant or third party then they are a “party” to the claim. Associated Words: Claim (noun), Claimant (noun), Defendant (noun), Proceedings (noun), Third Party (noun).

Have a wonderful weekend and read more about us at http//

Sunday, 1 February 2015

Quiz Time: Who has an interest in a claim?

Hi all !  Legal English Quiz Time ! Fill in the gap:

A ________ to a case is an individual or organisation who has an interest in the case or claim. Usually they are in the form of a claimant and a defendant.

a) claimant
b) party
c) defendant
d) litigant in person

All answers, shares and comments welcome. Have a wonderful day :)

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Friday, 30 January 2015

Answer to last week's quiz !

The answer to last week's quiz is False !  The section of a contract that explains the important terms is called Definitions. Here's the term from our ebook available at

Definitions (noun): This is a section of a commercial contract where the most important terms and phrases are explained in detail. The reason for a definitions section is to avoid misinterpretation or misunderstanding of the fundamental terms of the contract. Associated Word: Terms (noun).

Enjoy your day folks !

Monday, 19 January 2015

Serial Podcast

Please check out It's a real-life story of an American criminal case. Really interesting and you will pick up some useful legal English vocabulary. Please do let us know your thoughts on the case in the comments box if you wish :)  All the best.

Saturday, 17 January 2015

True or False? Legal English question :)

Quiz time !  True or False: The section of a commercial contract where the most important terms and phrases are explained in detail to avoid misinterpretation or misunderstanding is called the recitals.

All answers, comments and shares are welcome :)

Visit for all your legal English e-book and paperback dictionaries and exercise books.

Have a wonderful weekend all !